Thursday, September 29, 2011

Name Alternatives

In her introduction to “Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico 1750 to 1830,” translator and compiler Virginia Langham Olmstead includes some examples of abbreviated names, such and Anto for Antonio and Ma for Maria. (The padres’ hands must have cramped from writing so many long names or more likely parchment was an expensive and scarce resource). The index in her book and her 1790 census transcription also shows numerous alternative spellings of surnames. One example is Trujillo, Trugillo and Truxillo. Names were transcribed with archaic and phonetic spellings.
This is good to know when doing Hispanic family research.

Look at this snippet from her book introduction to help understand the listings from the 1790 Spanish census in the previous blog post. Click on it to enlarge.

Source: “Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico 1750 to 1830.” Compiled by Virginia Langham Olmsted, C.G. Pg. 10 and 11.

Saturday, September 24, 2011

1790: A Slice in Time

Many families can be found in the province of New Mexico in 1790 because Spain enumerated and recorded them. Like the burgeoning United States, which conducted its first census that very year, the nations counted their people for tax purposes. U.S. marshals did the task for the first 13 states, as well as Kentucky, Maine, Vermont and Tennessee. Priests counted the people in the provinces of New Spain. In the U.S., the 1790 census provided the names of heads of household and numbers of free persons and slaves. The U.S. census distinguished between males under and over age 16 to assess their military potential. The 1790 Spanish census provided names and ages of the heads of household and their spouses. Women’s maiden names were given. Also included were: ethnic derivations, occupations, marital status, number of children and their ages and sexes. Servants, mostly Indians, were also counted.

Following are some families of interest. They are ancestors of Crespin and Andreita Torres. Except for Santa Fe, all these plazas where they resided were south of Albuquerque. Note a concentration of families living in Belen. Here they are, as enumerated.

Plaza of Tome

Jose Marquez, M.,carpenter; m. Juana Sedillo, M., 48; 1 son: 21; 3 daughters: 15, 6, 3. Page 22*). (Great-great-grandparents of Andreita on maternal side).
Jose Mariano Marquez, M. 32, carpenter; m. Ma Petra Yturreita, S., 28; 2 sons: 6, 1; 3 daughters: 9, 4, 3. (Page 22*). (Great-grandparents of Andreita on maternal side).

Plaza de San Andres de Los Padillas

Eduarda Yturrieta, S., 51, widow; 2 sons: 26, 9, 6; 3 daughters: 21, 16, 11; 1 female servant, I: 11. (Page 29*). (Great-grandmother of Crespin on the paternal side).

Plaza No. 1 of Belen

D. Diego Antonio Sanches, S. 54, rancher; m. Anna Ma Albarez del Castillo, S., 51; 1 son: 13; 1 daughter: 17; 1 grandson, S.: 10; 1 male orphan, I.:16; 1 female orphan, I.: 14; 1 female servant, I.: 15; 1 female, I-Apache: 10. (Page 40*). (Great-grandparents of Crespin on maternal side).

Plaza No. 2 of Belen

Augustin Trujillo, M., 29, blacksmith; married to Lucia Montano, S. 18; 2 daughters, ages 2 and 1; 1 nephew, I: age 15. (Page 40*). (Great-grandparents of Andreita on paternal side).

Plaza No. 4 of Belen San Antonio de Los Trujillos

Lieut. D. Santiago Trujillo, S., 51, rancher; m. Da Victa Chaves, S, 49; 5 sons: 18, 16, 14, 9, 5; 4 daughters: 17, 12, 7, 3; 1 female servant, I: 16. (Page 44*). (Great-Great grandparents of Andreita on paternal side).
Pedro Anto Silva, S., 25, rancher; m. Barbara Polonia Trujillo, S. 23; 2 sons: 5, 7 months; 1 daughter: 3. (Page 45*). (Great-grandparents of Andreita on paternal side).

Plaza No. 5 of Belen N.S. del Pilar

Juachin Torres, S., 50, rancher; m. Ma Ysabel Chaves, S., 36; 3 sons: 19 11, 7; 1 daughter: 17; 2 female servants, I: 51, widow, and 18; 1 male orphan, S.: 10, native of the town of Philipe of Chihuahua; 1 male, C: 7. (Page 45*). (Great-grandparents of Crespin on the paternal side).
Xavier Garcia, S., 34, rancher; m. Ma Josefa Sanches, S., 30; 2 sons: 6, 2; 3 daughters: 14, 12, 11 months; 1 female servant, S., 23. (Page 45*). (Great-grandparents of Crespin on the maternal side).
Toribio Garcia, S., 59, weaver; m. Brijida Vallejos, S., 60; 2 grandsons, S: 16, 15; 1 niece, S: 15; 1 male servant, I: 20 (Page 45*). (Great-great-grandfather of Crespin on the maternal side with his second wife).

Plaza of San Antonio of Sabinal

Anto Montoya, S., 27, farmer; m. Ma Guade Salazar, S, 27; 2 daughters: 3, 1. (Page 48*). (Great-grandparents of Crespin on the maternal side).

Villa de Santa Fe

Dn. Xavier Ortiz, S., 46, farmer; m. Ma Josefa Tenoria, S., 33; 1 son: 1; 3 daughters: 13, 8, 6; 2 female servants, I: 15, 12; 1 males servant, I: 28. (Page 72*). (Great-grandparents of Crespin on paternal side).

Presidio Santa Fe

(Soldier) Santiago Torres, S., b. NM, 27, single (Page 108**). (Grandfather of Crespin on paternal side).

Sources: *New Mexico Spanish & Mexican Colonial Censuses 1790-1823-1845. Translated and Compiled by Virginia Langham Olmsted, G.R.S.
**Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico 1750 to 1830. Compiled by Virginia Langham Olmsted, C.G.

Friday, September 2, 2011

The Year 1890 in Socorro

Family researchers find a lot of information in censuses, which provide a list of households at a given time and all the family members living there, plus ages and other information. But one census – for the year 1890 – is not available to most researchers because almost all those records burned in a fire in Washington, D.C., in 1921.

So family researchers must turn to other records. And in the case of Socorro, we turn to church records for San Miguel parish.

IF there was a census record available, it might show: Crespin, 42, and Andrea, 35, had a household with Apolonio, 16; Ignacio, 14; José, 8; Dolores, 4; and Rogerio, 2. The Eleventh United States Census was taken in June, and none of these family members had yet celebrated their late-year birthdays.

The next child, Guadalupe, would not have appeared in the Territorial census that year because she wasn’t born until October.

The Catholic baptismal records DO show her birth, however. Guadalupe was born on the 4th of October and baptized on the 10th by Rev. Anthony Fourchégu. Her godparents were Estevan and Catalina Baca.

Fourchégu notes in the ledgers that 260 baptisms and 59 marriages were celebrated in Socorro in 1890. “I am informed that during the past two years, previous to August 1890, a number of marriages have been celebrated before Justices of Peace and before Protestant ministers,” he writes at year-end.

Rev. Francis Lestra had been the church pastor until July 1890.

Probably the biggest event took place during the month of November when more than 1,400 youngsters were confirmed by archbishop Jean-Baptiste Salpointe. The archbishop probably didn’t make a trip to the Socorro area very often.

The archbishop confirmed all of these children on what appears to be nine occasions from Nov. 16-30 in the communities of Socorro, Lemitar, San Antonio, San Pedro, Carthage, San Marcial, Valverde and Bosquecito. The names of the confirmed and their padrinos cover 42 pages of handwritten church records.

It appears that Crespin’s children Dolores, Rogerio and José were confirmed in Socorro on Nov. 16, although that might be considered too young by today’s standards. Since there are only names and no additional information, it’s hard to say for sure if the following are Crespin’s children:

Rogerio, who would have been almost age 3 at the time, was sponsored by David Montoya (who was the husband of his 19-year-old sister, Monica). And Jose’s padrino was Meliton Torres (his first cousin, a son of Canuto Torres). Dolores’ padrina was her sister, Monica.

Monica Torres was also the padrina for Marcelina Sanchez, 5, who was the daughter of Domitila Sanchez (the oldest sibling of the family – age 20). And Francisco Sanchez, a 2-year-old brother of Marcelina’s, was sponsored by Candelario Garcia.

NEXT: 1790: A Slice in Time